(Ahol két pont van az "a" felett: Vyäyäma, ott a szanszkrit hosszú "a" szerepel, és vízszintes vonal van az "a" felett)
The literal translation of the word Vyäyäma (1) is “to tame the inner breath”. This Sanskrit (2) term is composed of two words: yäma, which means “to tame” and vyu, which means "to stimulate, to incite". Vyäyäma Yoga is the discipline that teaches you to tame, through breathing, the energy that comes from the air.
One of the basic principles of the practice is that all movement has its origin in the breath. During the practice of Vyäyäma Yoga, all movements are coordinated with a specific type of breathing.
Breath control means achieving control of our vital processes, which is the key to conserving our energy. There is an intimate connection between body, mind and energy: by altering one, the other two are influenced. Through the practice of Vyäyäma Yoga we learn to control the breath, and with that the fluctuations of our mind.
In every true Vyäyäma Yoga practice the following principles should be observed:
1. Body movement should follow the breath.
Unlike any other type of gymnastics, Vyäyäma Yoga is the art and discipline of taming the energy that comes from air through breathing. Every movement is preceded by an inhalation or exhalation, and there is always coordination between breathing and body movement.
2. The mind observes the body movement and the breath.
To become conscious of our body and of this phenomenon, our mind needs to be focused.
26 Vyäyäma Yoga: The Secret of the Dynamic Healing Breath
There is always movement in the Vyäyäma Yoga practice, either internal or external. The common point between Vyäyäma Yoga and meditation is the focus of the mind. While in yogic meditation the mind is concentrated on a fixed point keeping the body still and breathing as calmly as possible, in Vyäyäma Yoga the mind is focused on the breathing, which is projected through the movement of the body. This is why we call Vyäyäma Yoga, a meditative and aerobic gymnastic.
3. The breathing is sonorous and expansive.
The sound mixed with breathing allows us to concentrate the energy in different parts of the organism, thereby creating a favourable mental state for practice. It is expansive because we use all of our lung capacity, alternating diaphragmatic, thoracic and collar bone breathing, and uniting all of them. The Hatha breath, full of force, provides us with power, vitality and internal heat. This allows for the expansive movements of Vyäyäma Yoga and encourages correct breathing. This exercise is very beneficial for the lungs because they are exercised in their full capacity.
4. Every movement is circular and harmonic.
After having mastered the preceding principles, the next basic principle in Vyäyäma Yoga is the result or consequence of the other three. By linking breathing and body movements, a feeling of ‘fluidity’ and harmony between the mind, breath and body is produced.
5. The end of one movement is the beginning of the next movement.
If we keep in mind the first principle, which tells us about the link between breathing and movement, we conclude that in the same way as breathing is composed of a series of inhalations and exhalations, all the movements (Vyängas) are linked with each other, and are performed without breaking the connection between breathing and body movement.